Rikie van Blijswijk
- di 26 sep 2017
NIVOZ-Masterclass in Driebergen: ‘Ontspannen en gelukkig voor de klas, hoe doe je dat?
- ma 02 okt 2017
Nationale Onderwijsweek 2-6 oktober
- ma 02 okt 2017
Gratis proeven aan Pedagogische Tact of Pedagogisch Leiderschap
- Bekijk meer agenda punten
- di 03 okt 2017
De Balie – Mijn idee voor onderwijs met Joseph Kessels
- wo 04 okt 2017
Prijs Nationale Onderwijsfilm uitgereikt in Nijmegen
- do 05 okt 2017
Onderwijsavond Iliass el Hadioui: Gelijke kansen in ‘superdiverse’ klassen. Over de gevoelige vraag naar de volwassenheid van een schoolcultuur.
- do 05 okt 2017
Conferentie en afscheidsrede Harry Kunneman in Sint Janskerk Utrecht
- do 05 okt 2017
De Balie leert: première onderwijsfilm Iedereen is leraar – Amsterdam
- vr 06 okt 2017
3e Gordonsymposium ‘(Pre) Puber: Wat is de sleutel tot contact?’ – Utrecht
- za 07 okt 2017
Tweedaagse in Amsterdam: ‘Hoe houd je de deur naar de natuurlijke bron van creativiteit bij kinderen open?’
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- Met het verdwijnen van cijfers valt ook de prestatiedruk weg
- Pesten mag niet, maar ik zeg nu even niets
- Over het werk van Luc Stevens: ‘de behoefte aan relatie, competentie en autonomie’
14 juni 2015
Rikie van Blijswijk
Rikie van Blijswijk bezoekt elk jaar The Essential Schools in de VS, waaronderThe Francis W. Parker School in Devens. Ze praat met leerlingen, waaronder de 17-jarige Colleen Dunn. Deze vertelt wat haar school zo speciaal maakt, een bijzonder verhaal. ‘When students leave Parker, they do not have complete knowledge of all standard curriculum, but they have highly developed skills to independently learn and understand whatever they need to.’
Both the students and the teachers at Parker, and essential schools in general, have a great deal of freedom offered within the structure of the school. The teachers design their own curriculum and pedagogy with minimal restriction. I have had teachers take risks in the classroom, either in teaching more advanced material that they believe their students can handle, or in giving their students more freedom and inspiration than structure and specific standards.
Students are given freedom and expected to take responsibility. When this freedom is abused, rather than restricting privilege, the community gathers to reflect on the impact of the infraction on the school. Several years ago when a rash of thefts had impacted the student body, an all school gathering was called to talk about what happened. The main focus was not on the consequences and punishments for breaking the rules, but on respecting personal property and how this ties into the tone of decency and trust that we expect all community members to uphold. This impressed upon me the realization that the school was a caring place that wants to be an ideal environment for its students.
Student government also has a very large role, and all students have the opportunity to participate. The rule book is written and periodically updated by student groups, and its enforcement also lies to a student committee as well. Students of all ages and backgrounds participate in these as equals. The students with more experience do take on leadership roles to guide those less familiar with the system, but the input of younger students is not discarded. The power that this gives to the student body aids to the erasure of the line that is drawn between teachers and students by the disparity of power given to them.
Reflection is a huge part of Parker’s philosophy. At all scales, from individual students reflecting on their performance, to the entire school reflecting on its own principles, reflection is throughly integrated into life at Parker. This allows the structure of the school, and the implementation of its philosophy, to be a dynamic system. As new conditions arise, the school adapts accordingly.
The process of change is guided by a democratic system, taking input from students, teachers, all other faculty, parents, and any others who may be affected by the change. This was most evident in the largest of changes, when the school was preparing to get a new principal. Feedback was examined and taken into consideration at all points of the thorough evaluation process. When the final decision was announced, even those who had desired another candidate instead still felt that their input had been heard and that the decision was made for the good of the school at large. These principles empower all members of the community with the belief that they have the right to shape their school into what they truly desire it to be.
As with all public schools, Parker is a place of learning. Meeting state requirements can at times be strenuous, because it can conflict with one of our common principles, to value depth of learning over breadth. Rather than encouraging route memorization, Parker teaches students how to learn. Research projects and gateways in particular move us to learn independently and approach problems from various angles. Reading assessments do not teach the contents of one book, but instead how to read, comprehend, and analyze a work of literature. This trend repeats with every topic covered.
When students leave Parker, they do not have complete knowledge of all standard curriculum, but they have highly developed skills to independently learn and understand whatever they need to. The skills that Parker teaches are universally applicable, regardless of the profession that one may pursue after high school.
The value that stood out to me the most at first, and changed my entire view on other people, was a tone of decency and trust. Before coming to Parker, I had been ostracized and harassed at my previous school. It was quite the culture shock to me to find an entire community of people who are good and kind for seemingly no reason. I became able to accept other people and consider them friends. The tone of decency and trust is what made Parker my home, not just my school. Particularly to new students, we want them to feel welcomed. Instead of the hazing that many regular schools have, mistreating the younger students, Parker has an unofficial tradition of hug a new student day. We strive to be a community that fosters empathy and compassion in everyone.
Deze tekst van Colleen Dunn, 17 jaar en studente op The Parker Essential School is opgenomen in Blijswijk, R. (2014). The Essential Schools in de VS. Scholen die je leren wie je bent. Almere: De Rijnlandse School.
In Amerika zijn 1500 Essential Schools, die verenigd zijn in The Coalition of Essential Schools. The Ten Common Principals zijn geschreven door Ted Seizer en vormen het uitgangspunt voor deze scholen:
1. Iedereen is gekend en herkend als persoon
2. Leren is persoonlijk en zinvol
3. Leerlingen laten zien wat ze denken,weten,kennen en kunnen
4. Leer je hersens te gebruiken
5. De leerling is een werker, de leraar is een coach
6. Minder is meer: de keuze voor diepgang
7. Meerdere bronnen worden gebruikt voor leren/ontwikkeling
8. De school is van iedereen
9. Werken aan democratie en gelijkwaardigheid
10. Bouwen aan respect en vertrouwen
Francis W. Parker Charter Essential School & Theodore R. Sizer Teachers Center
49 Antietam Street
Devens, Massachusetts 01434